August 8, 2013
up the ante – literally, it means to increase the amount of money each person must risk in a card game or other activity involving the risk of losing money[freedict]
There is a trend that internet-security ferms are encouraging companies to fight back against computer hackers, by tracing back to the hackers’ servers and then hacking them. However, some people in the industry warn this may lead to trouble, “It’s a foolish strategy to up the ante when you don’t know who you are attacking”
February 22, 2013
On the Big Band Theory, Shelton decided to play revenge to Kripke, a colleague of his who had humiliated Shelton publicly over a radio show. He discreetly put a large amount of chemicals above the tiles of the ceiling in Kripke’s lab and also installed web cameras to capture how the prank would work. He then invited Raj and Leonard to watch the webcam at home.
“Here comes Kripke,” Raj pointed at the webcam with excitement. However, he also found that Kripke was accompanied by the president of the university and the research directors in a guided tour. However, it was too late to stop the prank. The university president and directors, together with Kripke, were humiliated by encountering a sudden downpour of chemical foams dropping from the ceiling. Leonard was shocked and scared. He however tried to comfort Shelton: “At least they don’t know it’s you”. However, the prank didn’t finish yet. After the downpour of chemicals, there sounded a pre-recording of Shelton’s voice as if he were speaking to Kripke: “What you have seen is a classic prank from the malevalent mind of Shelton Cooper.” The voice continued: “Also a hat tip to Raj and Leonard for their encouragement and support in this enterprise.” Raj and Leonard were embarrassed but found no where to hide.
February 5, 2013
go bananas – to go crazy; to become very angry or emotional [freedict]
I learned this phrase from an instructor in a training course that I attended today. I wondered why the expression “going bananas” has anything to do with craziness. It seems some else also asked the same question. One possible explanation is related to how monkeys can become super-excited when they are given bananas.
January 31, 2013
straw man argument - is a type of argument and is an informal fallacy based on misrepresentation of an opponent’s position [wiki]
In an academic debate, I pointed out the insecurity of a newly proposed cryptographic protocol. To support my argument, I compared the protocol with a similar but well-known scheme. However, the protocol designer was not happy and criticized me of making a “straw man argument“. I found it an interesting expression – one creates a straw man as a superficial replacement of a real target and attacks it instead to claim an easy victory. That’s interesting. But after learning what this phrase means, I am sure I was not making a straw man argument.
January 30, 2013
This is an informal (and rude) phrase. On The Big Bang Theory, Raj complains to Amy that he feels lonely because no girls wants to talk to him. Amy shares the sympathy. “No guys wants to look at me”, she sighs, “Sometimes I have to pretend my left hand wants to cop a feel…. And I let it”.
January 24, 2013
pants – adjective. British slang. Not good; total crap; nonsense; rubbish; bad [urbandict]
Someone bought some take-away food for lunch. The package looked attractively nice, but after removing the package, she found the food not that great. “Hum..”, she said with a grunt: “The lunch is pants!”
flight risk - A person who appears ready to leave a job or relationship, presumably for a better opportunity elsewhere [urbandict]
On the Big Bang Theory, Bernadette asked Amy if she and Sheldon would get married someday. “Yes, of course”, Amy replied affirmatively, but then she whispered to Bernadette, “But don’t tell Sheldon. He is still a flight risk.” I also found a good explanation of this phrase here.
January 23, 2013
third wheel – someone who is in a situation where they are not really needed or are ignored by other people [thefreedict]
When you are hanging out with two other people who are a couple, you may sometimes feel awkward and extra. In Chinese, we usually use the phrase “a light bulb” to refer to the third person, implying that he/she does nothing but to serve to shine the other two. An equivalent English expression is “a third wheel”. On The Big Bang Theory, Sheldon invited Raj to come along for a date he had with Amy. Halfway through the dinner, Raj left. He later said to Leonard: “I didn’t want to be a third wheel.” If you image a bicycle, you can see that having a third wheel will probably do more messing up than any good.
January 18, 2013
catatonic – having catatonia, a syndrome characterized by muscular rigidity and mental stupor [dictionary]
On The Big Bang Theory, Sheldon mocks at Raj: “You are afraid of women and bugs, so a ladybug must render you catatonic“.
January 17, 2013
cat burglar - A burglar who is especially skilled at stealthy or undetected entry of a premises [thefreedict]
In one episode of The Big Bang Theory, Raj and Howard found that Shelton always disappeared at 2:45 pm, so they decided to find out where did Shelton go. They secretly followed Shelton to a quiet corner and saw he locked himself in a room. Later at night, Raj and Howard came back with lock-picking tools; they were curious to know what was in the room. Raj was excited about this secretive operation. “Look at us,” he said to Howard, “Sneaking around in the middle of the night, like a couple of cat burglars.” But Howard disagreed: “I think we are more like Ninjas.”
January 11, 2013
wimp - a weak, ineffectual, timid person. [reference.com]
Sometimes, people opened the window in the kitchen to let in fresh air, but a lady sitting near the kitch couldn’t stand the freezing temperature, so she left a note, warning people not to do it. A colleague added a “wimp” to the note. When I first saw this note, I didn’t know what “wimp” meant. After looking it up, I found it a hilarious joke. The lady has been wanting to find out who wrote it. It feels to me that the sense of humor is pretty English; that might help narrow down the suspects
January 9, 2013
catch a break – get lucky [idiomQuest]
On The Big Bang Theory, Leonard finally got a chance to kiss Penny. While the two were kissing, Raj and Howard rushed to find Leonard and tell him that Sheldon had disappeared and that they should set off to look for him. “Boy, you can’t catch a break, can you?” Leonard said to himself before being dragged away by Raj and Howard.
January 8, 2013
reek of - to have the stench or smell of something [thefreedict]
On Big Bang Theory, Leonard, Sheldon, Raj and Howard returned home from a scientific excursion to the South Pole. Leonard went to the next door say hi to Penny. Raj and Howard started to confess to Sheldon that they tampered with data to make Sheldon believe that the experiment was successful so he could stop. Sheldon went angry: “You tampered with my experiment!” He asked: “Did Leonard know about this? He is my best friend. Surely he didn’t.” “Actually it was his idea”, replied Howard. “Of course it was”, Sheldon shouted, “The whole plan reeks of Leonard.” Note that the idiom “reek of” usually expresses a negative feeling; be careful to only use it in the correct context.
January 4, 2013
This year, two lecturers created a new undergraduate module on cryptography. The student feedback has been generally positive. One (anonymous) student wrote a comment in the module evaluation: “Overall I would say both lecturers were kickass...” At first, I thought it must be a negative word, but I realized I was wrong as the student went on to write: “They took a subject I knew almost nothing about to start with, and not only nurtured my interest, but made the process of learning fun and challenging through the courseworks.”A good compliment and a very cool idiom!
December 26, 2012
On the Homehand, Saul went to visit a jailed terrorist Aileen, hoping she could help identify an unknown terrorist in a picture. When Carrie told Quinn, another CIA agent, about this, Quinn was not impressed. “Rattle a chick that has been locked up for months?” he said with a scorn. ”It’s a Hail Mary.” Said Carrie.
I was wondering why Hail Mary, a religious term, was used to refer to a last-ditch attempt. Apparently, the slang was originally from a football game in 1975. With two seconds left on the game clock, Roger Staubauk threw a long pass to Drew Person, his fellow team mate, who caught the ball in the end zone to beat the Vikings. According to wikipedia, after the game, Roger recalled: “I closed my eyes and said a Hail Mary.” This phrase became popular since then.
October 27, 2012
lies, damned lies, and statistics – a phrase to complain the misuse of statistics to support weak arguments [wikipedia]
I learned this phrase from a professor in our school who was digging some historic reports published by the school in the past and collecting some statistics.
Apparently this phrase was popularized by Mark Twain in his autobiography: “There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies and statistics.”
At first, I didn’t quite understand what it means. I thought that was an unfair prejudice against statistics, a well-established branch of science. But then I realized it was expressed in the context of complaining the “misuse” of statistics. That makes sense.
This article, titled “Lies, damn lies, and statistics about red light jumping”, gives a good example about the usage of the phrase. Statistics show that “57% of UK cyclists jump red lights”. However, it turned out that the statistics were collected based on random users over the Internet filling some on-line surveys. A further breakdown of “57%” shows that in fact, only 1.9% cyclists confessed to red light jumping; another 11.8% did so “sometimes” while 24.6% did “rarely”, and 19.1% had done so once or twice. Hence, the claim “57% of UK cyclists jump red lights” is ridiculously wrong and is highly misleading. When reading up to this point, I couldn’t help saying to myself: “lies, damned lies, and statistics“.
September 14, 2012
shy bairns get nowt – shy babies get nothing. [wikitionary]
If you’re too shy or don’t ask, you will not get what you want. This is a popular phrase used in Newcastle and nearby areas in the UK. I learned it today from a local PhD student and liked it very much. The phrase is intuitive to understand and speaks a lot of common sense. With some practice, it will make you sound like a native Georidie!
June 23, 2012
put/set the cat among the pigeons – to do or say something that causes trouble and makes a lot of people angry or worried [thefreedictionary]
This is an interesting expression that I learned from Scheneier’s blog. Prince Philip once made some remark over a radio interview against banning guns. He said to the interviewer off-air afterwards: “That will really set the cat among the pigeons, won’t it?” It is mainly a British idiom.
May 25, 2012
all fur coat and no knickers: superficially elegant and beautiful but actually sleazy [wikitionary]
I recently attended a seminar where the speaker talked big visions of future work but there was no real content in the talk. I said to a colleague that I felt like eating a gigantic burger without finding any beef. She told me the alternative English expression is: all fur coat and no knickers.
September 8, 2011
the sharpest pencil in the pack — the smartest
In a seminar, the speaker wasn’t impressed by the programming capability of some developers. He referred to them as “not the sharpest pencil the pack“.
June 7, 2011
have ducks in a row — to organize things well [thefreedict]
On a romantic comedy movie “A Lot Like Love”, Oliver (played by Aston Kutcher) bumped into a pretty girl Emily (by Amanda Peet) on the airplane to New York. When asked about his future plan, Oliver said: “I’m trying to have my ducks in a row — job, house, car, and a beautiful wife …”
March 8, 2011
buckle down – to set to work with vigor; concentrate on one’s work [dict]
On the “Big bang theory”, Raj starts to work for Sheldon. To spice up a conversation, Raj tries to make some jokes. But Sheldon doesn’t like it and thinks that’s a waste of time. Raj rubs his hands and says: “OK. Let’s buckle down and work”.
March 6, 2011
drown one’s sorrows – Drink liquor to escape one’s unhappiness [dict]
A guy was disappointed by the Manchester United defeat to Liverpool today. He said: “I’m going home now to drown my sorrows“.
January 29, 2011
bust someone’s hump – to work very hard on something [urbandict]
On the Armoured, one guy speaks of how his parents worked hard to support the family: “They busted their humps to make a living.”
January 9, 2011
also-ran – to refer to a loser in a competition [answers]
As the European and USA universities are feeling the pinch from the government funding cut, Brazil is steadily increasing the investment on education and research. From the economist, “Brazil is no longer a scientific also-ran“. This phrase came from horse racing, and it refers to a horse that didn’t make it to the first three winning positions. The names of those horses are usually published alongside the winners, but in a block under the heading “Also Ran”.
January 8, 2011
Let the cat out of bag – to disclose a secret [thefreedict]
Armoured (2009) is a rather boring movie. It is about a group of security guards conspiring to jack a shield-armoured trunk loaded with 42 million dollars cash. But the plan goes wrong from moment one guard kills a homeless who witnesses the robbery. The rest movie is about them trying to cover it up and the whole thing getting more messed. After the homeless is killed, one guard shouts: “There is no way turning back. The cat’s out of the bag now.” By comparison, Takers (2010) is a much more entertaining movie on the similar theme of trunk robbery.
January 4, 2011
make one’s skin crawl – to cause goose bumps on the skin as response to fear or frightening [thefreedict]
On Two and a Half Men, Alan accidentally burned down his girlfriend Lindsay’s house . He tried to comfort her: “It’s not that bad. At least people are safe. And we still have each other”. Lindsay turned face and said: “You make my skin crawl.” This is another expression of giving someone “goose bumps“.
December 29, 2010
play chicken - If children or young people play chicken, they do something that is dangerous in order to see who is frightened first. [Americanidioms]
On a TV program, an international affair expert commented on the current tense situation between North and South Korea: “They are playing chicken.” This is dangerous as playing chicken will eventually escalate to war! As I searched for this phrase, I found a related phrase called “play chicken in traffic“, which refers to several dangerous games on the road to test who is the most courageous. In one game, two cars speed toward each other and the one who first swerves is the looser. See this for more detail.
December 22, 2010
gelivable – being cool and impressive, and “ungelivable” means the opposite [yahoo]
This is a newly invented Chinglish word, but is getting increasingly popular across Internet in China. This word is derived from “geili”, which is used in the dialect in the northern part of China and literally means to “give power”. Some “smart” person invented the “gelivable” adjective that combines the Chinese native “geili” and also the English “-able” suffix in a strange way. Suddenly, the word appears everywhere on Chinese websites.
I don’t think native English speakers can understand this. Even for me, it took me a while to figure out what’s going on. Whoever came up with this word has reasons to brag about his/her mastering Chinese and English. But, to me, the word looks rather silly – or maybe, that’s exactly why it becomes the vogue.
December 17, 2010
taterhead - Someone who is either mentally handicapped or just plain dumb [urbandict]
On “Two and a Half Men”, Berta couldn’t believe Jake had a girlfriend: “That taterhead has a girlfriend?” It makes sense if you know that “tater” refers to “potato”.
December 16, 2010
stickler – a person who insists on something unyieldingly [dict]
On “Two and a Half Men”, Alan saw two girls sneaking out of Jake’s room. He was paranoid about Jake hosting an orgy. “Not to be a stickler,” Charlie tried to correct Alan, “It takes more than three to be an orgy.”
October 12, 2010
naff - ( Brit) inferior; in poor taste [dict]
Someone bought a new piece of hardware from QNAP. But, after fiddling with the installation for two weeks, he still couldn’t get it running. “That QNAP company should re-brand itself to Q-naff“, he joked. If you know what “naff” means, you know it’s a pun.
September 6, 2010
A guy wasn’t impressed by the lengthy presentation by the Human Resource department. “It has over fifty slides”, he complained, “of which fifty percent repeat the same HR mumbo-jumbo.”
August 25, 2010
dumb as a butt — I didn’t find an on-line reference for this phrase, but the meaning is quite intuitive if you know that “butt” is a slang word for “buttocks” (see [answers])
Security and usability are two sometimes opposing concepts. Security people are keen to make the system as most secure as possible, and wouldn’t care much about usability. The X509 certificate in the browser is a classic example of failure in understanding usability. One opinion is that if the user clicks the wrong button to accept the rogue certificate, doesn’t read the certificate carefully or ignores the expiry warning, then he is the one to blame for the security breach. A colleague comments on this opinion as “dumb as a butt“. It’s an interesting expression.
May 17, 2010
pass muster – to meet the required standard [UseEnglish]
From the book Cryptography Engineering, “In short, DES does not pass muster any more.” The DES is an out-dated encryption standard that had been serving the security world for nearly 20 years. Its design is simple and elegant, but the security strength is considered weak from today’s standard. The original meaning of “muster” refers to an assembly of troops ready for inspection. Naturally, “not passing muster” means failing to pass the inspection. We often say “muster the courage”, the use of the word “muster” can be traced to the same military root.
May 16, 2010
In an academic debate, I pointed out some problems of a cryptographic algorithm. Some people agree with me, but some don’t. One person described me as “wrong-headed” in my opinions. I found it funny because I never heard of this phrase before.
May 10, 2010
belt and braces – using more than one method to make sure that something is safe or sure to happen [thefreedict]
In the security industry, we learn to become paranoid. Several colleagues were discussing a software vulnerability and some countermeasures. They decided to implement all of them just to be safe. “Belt-and-braces may look silly”, as one of them explained, “It makes very sure that your trousers will not fall onto the floor.”
This is chiefly a British idiom. The American version is “belt and suspenders” (see [urbandict]). Look at these Google images, and you will know that if someone wear both belt and suspenders (or braces), that will look silly indeed.
April 23, 2010
sharpen up – to become sharp (see sharpen)
To sharpen up your skills is to improve the skills. Sometimes, this phrase is also used to prod someone to be smarter. This funny video clip tells a story about needing to “sharpen up“. I almost fell on the floor when watching it.
April 20, 2010
I like the English people’s sense of humour.
Earlier this year, the Iceland population held a referendum, which with overwhelming majority decided to refuse paying the England and Netherlands the loss of savings following the collapse of the IceSave bank. Some English reader commented on the recent volcano eruption in IceLand: “Dear Iceland, we asked you to send cash not ash.” I don’t know who first wrote this, but it has be widely circulated on the twitter.
April 19, 2010
be zapped of energy – be very tired (see zap)
Lately, I’ve been engaging in a boring project. I feel zapped of energy.
March 30, 2010
take stock of – To make an estimate or appraisal, as of resources or of oneself [theefreedict]
To take stock of is to think about something carefully before making a decision. If you find your work boring, it’s perhaps the time to stand back and take stock of your career.
March 19, 2010
double talk – Deliberately ambiguous and evasive language [dict]
Sometimes, you ask someone a specific question, but he avoids to give you a straight answer. For example, he may say “well, yes and no …” In that case, he gives you double-talk. Considering “yes” and “no” as double answers can help memorize this phrase.
March 18, 2010
full of hot air – full of non-sense [dict]
Although he seems eloquent, he is full of hot air. This phrase reminds me of the steamer – it spouts hot air, but has nothing concrete in it.
March 17, 2010
This is a short nap (typically 15 -30 min) before entering the deep sleep. Sometimes, people might think the longer it takes to nap at noon, the more refreshing one would feel when he wakes up. This is actually not true. If you enter the deep sleep and wake up in the middle, you may feel even more tired.
While I’m looking up this phrase on wikipedia, I learned another phrase “caffeine nap”. A study shows that one gets the best rest if he takes a cup of coffee, then followed by a power nap. Well, I am not sure that is true – never tried.
March 15, 2010
the ball is in your court – it’s up to you to decide or take the next step [UseEnglish]
If you play tennis with someone, and the ball is in your court, then it’s your turn to hit it back. That is of course the literary meaning of the idiom. If someone tells you “the ball is in your court“, it’s time for you to take action now.
in cahoots with — Questionable collaboration; secret partnership [answers]
From the news, after gaining a moral high ground in defying search censorship against Chinese government, Google is now working in cahoots with the America’s spooks: National Security Agency.
August 27, 2009
spruce up - to make neat and trime [dict]
From BBC, Shanghai finally decides to “spruce up its image”. It’s long been an international amusement to see many obscure English translations in China. I recall there was a newly opened shop painting “service not found” as the English translation for its Chinese name. Presumably, someone typed the Chinese characters into an on-line tanslation service and it happend that the webiste was down.
August 24, 2009
dry run – A trial exercise or rehearsal [dict]
On “two and a half men”, Alan was depressed after his wife Kandi deserted him. He curled up on bed, not speaking to anyone. When his son, Jake, came in, Alan mumbled that he was taking a nap. “I’m getting old, Jake,” Alan said, “Old people nap. It’s like a dry run for death.”
August 21, 2009
it takes a village to raise a child - It takes many people to teach a child all that he or she should know [UseEnglish]
Many Americans learned this phrase from Hillary Clinton who chose it in the title of her book. This phrase is alleged to come from an African proverb. It highlights the importance of the social environement for a child’s growth and development. Interestingly, some people wrote an article to dispute this old wisdom by claiming that parents play more important roles in fostering a child. But I think he is only nit-picking and the arugment misses the point.
August 17, 2009
pull the wool over answers]someone’s eyes – to deceive someone [
“It is difficult to pull the wool over his eyes” is a jocular way to say “it is difficult to cheat him”. The word “wool” relates to the wig that the judge wears in court. Pulling the wool blinds the judge’s eyes so that he is unable to see the facts in a trial.